S.C.A.L.E. Courses & Descriptions
School of Professional Accountancy
ACC 11 Accounting Principles I
This course presents an introduction to fundamental financial accounting principles, concentrating on identifying, recording, and communicating the economic events of a business organization. This course studies the theory and practice of accounting. Topics covered during the semester include the balance sheet, income statement, and principles required to understand financial accounting systems.
ACC 12 Accounting Principles II
This course is the second in the accounting principles sequence. The first part of the course focuses on partnership and the corporate form of business organization, including financial statement analysis and cash flow statements. Students are then introduced to managerial accounting concepts and how they can be used in fostering internal business decision-making. Information concerning the behavior of costs, profit planning, and budgeting is analyzed to enhance meaningful comprehension of managerial accounting.
LAW 13 Legal Environment of Business
This course examines the origins of law, business ethics, court system, business related torts, contracts, agency, partnership, corporations, employment law, intellectual property, and international business law.
Department of Economics
ECO 5 Current Economic Problems
This course is a survey of basic economic principles. Topics include: nature and functioning of American capitalism, the socialist alternative, big business and competition, the role of money, inflation and deflation, the economic system and environmental problems, the economy of the city, the ghetto and other urban problems, the U.S. and international economy.
ECO 11 Introduction to Macroeconomics
Economic concepts governing society, business organization, government finance, business fluctuations, fiscal and monetary policy are examined.
ECO 12 Introduction to Microeconomics
This course examines the theory of supply and demand, theory of the firm, resource allocation, international trade, economic growth and development.
Department of Finance
FIN 11 Corporation Finance
This course covers basic principles by which the modern corporation manages its assets, controls its liabilities, and raises new capital. Topics covered include the mathematics of finance, valuation, and rates of return on securities, financial statement analysis, forecasting, planning and budgeting, working capital management, introduction to capital budgeting techniques, and cost of capital considerations.
FIN 12 Corporate Financial Policy
This course is an analysis of corporate policy with respect to internal financial control, capital budgeting, dividend policy, and the issuance and sale of new securities. Emphasis will be placed on corporate decision-making under uncertainty in areas of investment and financing alternatives, both domestically and internationally. Tools and techniques for risk assessment and risk management will be explored using financial calculators and spreadsheet models.
Prerequisite: FIN 11.
FIN 23 Personal Finance
This course gives students, regardless of major or background, an overview of how to manage their individual financial circumstances. Topics covered will include basic financial record keeping; personal, auto, mortgage and home equity loans; property and casualty insurance; life insurance; health insurance; investing fundamentals; tax planning; retirement planning and estate planning.
FIN 71 Global Financial Markets
This course is an overview of the international financial system. International financial markets are investigated, exchange rate markets and behavior are analyzed, and hedging techniques are presented.
Department of Management
BUSN 10 Introduction to Business
This course examines the role of business in American society; the interrelated activities through which business provides the goods and services essential to contemporary society; and the interrelationships between business and government, labor, and society at large. General areas of study center on: the foundation of business, management of the enterprise, marketing activities, finance and financial services, and contemporary business problems and development.
MAN 11 Principles of Management
This course introduces the student to management history, concepts, theories and practices. The managerial functions of planning, organizing, leading and controlling are examined.
MAN 18 Introduction to Business Information Processing
This course is an introduction to information processing. Emphasis is on computer hardware and software and how it is integrated by end-users for management information systems. Personal Computer packages (spreadsheets, database management systems, and word-processing) will be used to illustrate the tools available to managers.
MAN 23 Business and Society
This course is a review of the major cultural, political and ethical issues that confront corporate systems in its attempt to adapt to the needs of a changing environment. This course of study includes analysis of the interrelationships of business with government (U.S. and foreign), labor, and the individual in society.
Department of Marketing
MKT 11 Marketing Principles and Practices
This is a survey course of the field of marketing with particular emphasis on segmentation and target marketing, differential advantage, product life cycle, positioning, marketing mix decisions and product development.
MKT 14 Consumer Motivation and Behavior
Consumer behavior is a field of study that aims to understand decision-making processes that consumers undertake when they identify the needs of, search for, evaluate, purchase, use, and dispose of products or services. Specifically, in the context of stimuli-response modeling framework, this course covers what sequences of decision-making processes that consumers go through, how individual differences in terms of social, cultural, economic, personal, and psychological factors affect their decision-making processes, and how consumers respond to marketing stimuli such as advertising campaigns or price discounts. The knowledge of consumer behavior is expected to help marketing managers develop more effective marketing plans.
Prerequisite of MKT 11 is required.
Department of Art
ART 5 Introduction to Basic Drawing
This course is the beginning investigation into the practice of drawing as an expressive, descriptive art medium. Through historic examples (slides and prints) and the use of a variety of materials and techniques, the student learns the past, present and (possible) future uses of drawing.
ART 13 Painting 1
This course is an introduction to painting. The physical functions of paint and color, grounds and surfaces in conjunction with the exploration of painting techniques and concepts are examined.
Emphasis is on two-dimensional reality and the study of related concepts.
ART 31 Pottery and Ceramic Sculpture
General study in the methods of structuring clay, hand building, throwing on the potter’s wheel and experimental techniques. This course encompasses the entire ceramic process, forming, glazing, and firing techniques.
ART 32 Pottery and Ceramic Sculpture 2
General study in the methods of structuring clay, hand building, throwing on the potter's wheel and experimental techniques. This course encompasses the entire ceramic process, forming, glazing and firing techniques.
Prerequisite of ART 31 is required.
CGPH 7 Digital Illustration I
Digital Illustration is a hands-on computer class designed to equip the student with the necessary skills to create professional digital graphics. Students create sophisticated and precise vector based graphics and manipulate them.
CGPH 8 Digital Illustration 2
A continuation of Computer Graphics 7. Computer Graphics 8 imparts advanced knowledge of digital illustration enabling students to fully develop their own techniques and original style.
Students have access to their own workstations as well as access to color scanners and printers.
Prerequisite of CGPH 7 or equivalent is required.
CGPH 11 Motion Graphics Multimedia 1
Computer Graphics 11 gives students knowledge of cell-type animation and slide show presentations on a computer. Students gain an understanding of electronic aesthetics and design applicable to motion graphics imaging. Students create their own two-dimensional animations and presentations. Students have their own computer workstations and access to color scanners and printers.
CGPH 22 Multimedia on the Internet
Multimedia on the Internet gives students advanced knowledge of creating artwork and communications for viewing within an Internet browser. Students create their own original artwork and gain knowledge in important aspects of production of the images for displaying in HTML format as well as creating home pages and setting up Internet connections. Students have their own computer workstations and access to color scanners, printers and the World Wide Web.
Prerequisites: CGPH 7
Department of Media Arts
CMA 9 Introduction to the Media Arts
This course is an overview of mass media arts and their impact on society and culture. Studies of various media forms and content.
Department of Criminal Justice
CRJ 11 Introduction to Criminal Justice
This course covers agencies and processes involved in the administration of criminal justice. It surveys the roles of police, district attorney, courts, probation, corrections, and parole.
CRJ 34 Forensic Technology and Crime
This course analyzes forensic technological techniques used in the identification and apprehension of criminals including an in-depth evaluation of fingerprint and voice identification, lie detector tests, hypnosis and criminal profiling.
CRJ 35 Forensic Psychology and the Violent Criminal
This course analyzes psychological theories relating to aggression and criminal violence; this course focuses on the incidence and forms of violent criminal behavior in all types of surroundings.
CRJ 41 Criminal Law
This course examines the application of criminal law in the American judicial system specifically.
Preservation and protection of life and property through the law is discussed. This course is a survey of historical and philosophical concepts.
CRJ 43 Juvenile Delinquency
This course covers the development of the scientific study of juvenile delinquency with emphasis on methods, theories and studies concerning causation, treatment and prevention.
Department of Biology
BIO 7 Human Anatomy and Physiology I
This course covers the structure and function of the human body, including basic biochemistry, cell structure, cell division, cell respiration, tissue composition, genetics, and the nervous and endocrine systems. Laboratory focuses on relevant physiological experiments and histology.
BIO 8 Human Anatomy and Physiology II
This course covers the body's organ systems in detail, including the musculo-skeletal, cardiovascular, lymphatic, immune, respiratory, excretory, digestive, and reproductive systems.
Relevant dissection, histological studies, and physiology are all featured in the laboratories.
Three hours lecture, three hours laboratory.
Prerequisite BIO 7 is required.
BIO 250 Microbiology
This is a study of the morphology, physiology, biochemical activities, ecology, and classifications of microorganisms (viruses, bacteria, fungi, and protista). Includes the study of pathogenic and economically useful forms, and methods of culture, identification, sterilization and bacteriological analyses.
BIO 271 Marine Biology
This course introduces life in marine waters. Topics include physical biological properties of marine waters, identification and characteristics of major groups, of marine plants and animals, adaptive modifications to marine environments and the special nature and diversity of marine ecosystems. Field and laboratory work emphasizes methods of collecting, sampling, and analyzing marine organisms.
Prerequisite: BIO 107, 108, 109, 110.
Department of Earth and Environmental Science
ERS 101 Earth Science I
This course is an introduction to physical geography, the Earth and its relationship to the
Sun, an introduction to map projections, meteorology and world climates, a consideration of the biogeographical features, world soils and vegetation.
For SCALE students only.
Same as ERS 1 without laboratory.
ERS 102 Earth Science II
Basic principles of geomorphology (study of landforms) and the use of topographic maps and air photographs in landform interpretation are studied.
Minerals, rocks and geological structures are studied as factors in the evolution of surface topography. For SCALE students only.
Same as ERS 2 without laboratory.
GLY 12 Oceanography
The course provides an in-depth study of the origin, transport, and deposition of ocean floor sediments as related to the morphologic features of the ocean floor such as the properties of sea water, water masses, their origin, dynamics, and distribution of air-sea interaction influence on oceanic structure and measurements, techniques, and methods of data processing.
Prerequisite of GLY 1 or ERS 2 is required.
Department of English
ENG 1 Composition
English 1 is an introductory writing course that uses interpretation and analysis of texts to promote clear thinking and effective prose. Students learn the conventions of academic writing. In addition, students learn how to adapt writing for various audiences and rhetorical situations.
ENG 2 Composition: Argument and Analysis
English 2 is a course in analysis and argumentation, focusing on scholarly research and documentation. Building in the work begun in ENG 1, this course develops knowledge of complex rhetorical and stylistic techniques and culminates in a library research paper.
Prerequisite: ENG 1
ENG 7 Western Literature: Classical, Medieval, Renaissance
The development of the common culture of Western Civilization will be illustrated through such works as the Bible as Genesis and Job and through master pieces such as Homer, Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides, Aristophanes, Virgil, Dante, Chaucer, Shakespeare, and Milton.
ENG 8 Western Literature: Enlightenment to Modern
The development of the various national cultures of European civilization during the 18th, 19th, and earlier 20th centuries will be illustrated through literary masterpieces of such writers as Molière, Voltaire, Blake, Mary Shelley, Goethe, Melville, Dickinson, Flaubert, Dostoevsky, Ibsen, Pirandello, Kafka. Selected works from non-Western cultures may be introduced for comparison.
ENG 13 The Short Story
This course offers an introduction to the short story and its development since the nineteenth century.
What are some of the characteristics and conventions of short fiction? How do we understand a short story differently in the context of a collection? What are some of the challenges of this format? These readings will enable us to examine various literary genres as well as several major artistic movements, including Romanticism, Realism, Naturalism, Modernism, Postmodernism, Post-colonialism, and Minimalism. Some possible authors include Hawthorne, Poe, Twain, Flaubert, Chekov, James, Joyce, Lawrence, Mansfield, Faulkner, Kafka, Hemingway, O'Connor, Walker, Beattie, Carver, and Lahiri.
ENG 15 Modern Drama
What caused the major revolution in playwriting that occurred in the second half of the nineteenth century? Audiences were both shocked and fascinated to find that, instead of watching lavish musical revues and broadly comic farces, they were now peering into the homes of stage characters whose lives and problems resembled their own experiences. Henrik Ibsen, a Norwegian, focused attention on self-definition of characters who were wrestling with subjects never before staged, such as commercial fraud, sexually transmitted disease, and the day-to-day role-playing that characterizes many marriages. Other playwrights from different countries, followed, among them August Strindberg, Oscar Wilde, George Bernard Shaw and Anton Chekhov. Each of them added distinctive elements, each forging his own artistic signature. And the presentation of dramatic situations close to real-life experiences continued to develop through the first half of the twentieth century, expressed in different styles in the works of Eugene O'Neill, Arthur Miller and Tennessee Williams. Readings include the major works of the period as students explore the variety of philosophical approaches and their relationship to the anatomy of the plays, as well as different staging and performance practices.
ENG 16 The Modern Novel
First emerging in the unstable and traumatic historical period immediately preceding World War
I and following it, the modern novel decidedly broke with the realist genre preceding it through challenging and often breathtaking experiments with narrative form. Frequently presenting the reader with bewildering shifts in time and narrative perspective and exhibiting a preference for the interior psychological landscapes of its characters, modern novels often possess an emotional intensity and haunting lyricism that testifies to the widespread fragmentation and alienation afflicting western consciousness in the twentieth century. With the use of pioneering literary techniques like stream of consciousness and fragmented narratives, modern novels defy the expectations generated by traditional narrative even as they give us some of the most memorable characters in literature. Possible authors covered in the class include: Conrad, Joyce, Woolf, Lawrence, Faulkner, Kafka, and Rhys.
ENG 41 The Art of Poetry
This course inquires into the nature and art of poetry. Why does poetry matter? How does it work? Does poetry do anything? -should it? To conduct this inquiry as poets and critics of poetry do, we will closely read and interpret many poems, across time and genre. We will ask how poets use structural choices, musical tools, and shaping devices to create and convey complex experiences. Students will learn to read with understanding, perception, and enjoyment; to recognize the relationships among a poem's form, its devices, and its content; and to write clear, meaningful critical explications of poems. This course is a short immersion in a lifelong, sustaining question: How do I read this poem?
Prerequisites of ENG 1 and ENG 2 are required.
ENG 44 Emerging Writers and Popular Traditions
This is a special topics course with a focus on new emerging writers and popular genres or traditions. The topic will concern writers whose status as noteworthy or great authors has not yet been established or genres and traditions with a significant overlap with popular culture. Traditions or genres that might be offered under this number include: Science Fiction and Fantasy, Romance, Detective Fiction, the Western, or Literature of Nonsense. This course may be taken more than once if the topic is different. Courses offered under this number automatically fulfill the requirement of a course outside the mainstream of British and American literature specified as part of the early childhood, childhood concentrations in literature.
Prerequisites of ENG 1 and ENG 2 are required.
ENG 47 Literary Forms and Genres
This course is a close analysis of a particular form of genre illustrated by literary works; for example, contemporary poetry, science fiction, the gothic novel.
ENG 48 Ideas and Themes in Literature
This course is a close analysis of a body of literature bound together by a common factor or concern, for example comic literature, literature of the East, the middle class in society, the Industrial Revolution.
ENG 50 Great Plays
This course is the study of selected plays from classical to the beginning of the modern period, considering both the dramatic and theatrical concepts. Reading include such authors as Sophocles, Euripides, Aristophanes, Marlowe, Lope de Vega, Webster, Corneille, Racine, Etherege, Goldoni, Goldsmith, Goethe, Ibsen, Shaw, Brecht, and Beckett.
ENG 68 Mythology
This course looks at myths from such various cultures and traditions as the Babylonian, Hebrew, Greek, Anglo-Saxon, Norse, and Germanic.
ENG 152 The American Novel
This course traces the development of the novel in America from the late eighteenth century to the present. In addition to examining different types of fiction, such as sentimental, realistic, modernist, and postmodernist, we will also explore how these novels were shaped by and contributed to some of the social and cultural forces of their day. What makes these works "American?" How do they portray social, economic, and ethnic hierarchies in the United States? How do they wrestle with the failures of America's promise to offer all its citizens freedom and equality? After considering some of the earliest examples of American novels, we will study writers such as James Feminore Cooper, Herman Melville, Harriet Beecher Stowe, Henry James, William Faulkner, Vladimir Nabokov, Ralph Ellison, Toni Morrison, Don DeLillo, and Philip Roth.
Department of Foreign Languages
SPA 25 Advanced Spanish Conversation
This is an intensive oral practice and expression course with oral reports on assigned topics, vocabulary expansion and a study of the basic phonetics of Spanish.
SPA 54 Intermediate Spanish Conversation for Non-Majors
Through the use of dialogues, impromptu and prepared class discussions and oral reports, this course is designed for non-language majors to offer intensive oral practice in Spanish.
Department of History
HIS 1 Western Civilization to the 18th Century
A general survey, this course examines significant religious, cultural and political developments in Western societies from the ancient period to the 18th century. Students explore specific developments within Western societies, the place of these communities in a wider global context, and the changing meaning of "the West" as a concept.
HIS 2 Western Civilization since 1789
A general survey of Western history from the eighteenth century to the present that covers important events and developments like the French Revolution, industrialization, nationalism, socialism, liberalism, imperialism, the First World War, the Russian Revolution, the rise of fascism, World War Two and the Holocaust, the Cold War, the fall of Communism in Eastern Europe, the dissolution of the former Yugoslavia, and globalization.
HIS 3 American Civilization, 1607-1877
A survey of major political, social, economic, and cultural changes in the area that is now the United States from initial colonization through the end of Reconstruction.
HIS 4 American Civilization since 1877
A general survey of political, economic, social and cultural changes in the United States from the end of Reconstruction to the present. Examines the emergence of America as a world power by the turn of the 20th century and its position as world's only superpower by the end of the end of century.
Topics include: growth of diverse, urban society, the struggles of those seeking quality and inclusion in quest for the "American Dream," the emergence of mass society, U.S. and the two world wars, the Cold War, and the use of U.S. military power.
HIS 115 The Era of Civil War and Reconstruction
The history of American society during the era its most cataclysmic event - the Civil War - and its boldest experiment in social change and civic equality- Reconstruction. The course will explore the social and political changes that led to war: the expansion of slavery in the South, the spread of industrial capitalism in the North; the emergence of ideologies of reform, abolitionism, and free labor, and the defense of slavery by the southern ideologues. We will analyze the political compromises over slavery that defined the American polity since the ratification of the Constitution, the failure of those compromises, and the crisis of secession. Will cover the military, political and social character of emancipation, and the legacy of Reconstruction.
Prerequisite of HIS 3 or permission of the instructor is required.
Department of Math
MTH 3 College Algebra and Trigonometry
A pre-calculus course providing a unified treatment of functions of algebra and trigonometry.
MTH 7 Calculus and Analytical Geometry I
This course covers the derivative of algebraic trigonometric functions with applications to rates, maximization and graphing and integration and the fundamental theorem.
MTH 8 Calculus and Analytical Geometry II
This course covers the applications of the definite integral, the calculus of trigonometric, logarithmic, and exponential functions, methods of integration, improper integrals and infinite series.
MTH 19 Basic Statistics
This course is directed toward understanding and interpreting numerical data. Topics covered include: descriptive statistics, regression, correlation, sampling techniques and elements of inferential statistics.
Department of Music
MUS 21 Music in Western Civilization I
Characteristics and development of western music, with illustrative examples from literature, are examined.
MUS 22 Music in Western Civilization II
This course is a continuation of MUS 21 with emphasis on the 17th-19th centuries.
Department of Philosophy
PHL 8 Beginning Philosophy
This course is an introductory exploration of basic issued raised by great philosophers. Readings focus on questions about human nature, God, knowledge, values, meaning and purpose.
PHL 13 Human Values
This course is an introduction to human values that focuses on such ethical, social and aesthetic questions as: What is the basis of right and wrong? How can one gain knowledge of good and evil? How do we judge beauty? What do we mean by justice? What makes life worth living?
Department of Physics
PHY 9 Introductory Astronomy
This course is a survey of astronomy that uses elementary mathematics to illustrate the teachings of physics that apply to our understanding of the universe. Topics include: planetary motion, the solar system, the source of energy in the stars, and the origin of the universe.
Department of Political Science
POL 1 Introduction to Political Science I
This course is an analysis of the nature of the state, political power, law sovereignty and political ideologies. The stress is on analysis and contemporary concepts.
POL 2 Introduction to Political Science II
This course is a study of the Constitutional structure, major functions and operations of the national government.
Department of Psychology
PSY 1 General Psychology I
This course is a survey of the principles of psychology. Learning, motivation, sensation, perception, statistical methods, and the biological basis of behavior are among some of the topics covered.
PSY 2 General Psychology II
This course is a continuation of PSY 1 including cognitive functions, intelligence, personality, abnormal behavior, therapies, social and applied psychology.
PSY 25 Developmental Psychology: Childhood
Behavior and development during childhood is covered. The emphasis is on normal physical, intellectual, emotional, and social growth and development.
Department of Sociology
SOC 1 Introduction to Sociology
This course covers nature and the organization of human society, socialization, culture, and social interaction.
Department of Computer Science and Management Engineering
CLA 6 Computer Literacy
This is a survey course of computer concepts designed for non-majors. Topics include: fundamentals of hardware and software, uses and capabilities of personal computers, the Internet, and social implications of computers. This course includes substantial laboratory experiences with productivity software such as MS Office.
Department of Biomedical Sciences
BMS 71 Introduction to Criminalistics
The course includes an overview of forensic science laboratory techniques. The subject introduces the student to information collected and chain of custody followed at the crime scene; photography; physical evidence and its properties (trace evidence, fingerprints; firearms; fibers; paint; documents examination). This subject includes principles of microscopy; serology (blood identification procedures); origin determination; semen identification procedures; other biological substances of interest; hair comparison; drugs and toxicology; casework interpretation; quality control, proficiency testing and accreditation; and recent criminal cases. Lectures, demonstrations and basic laboratory exercises are used to present the subject matter.
Two-hour lecture and three-hour laboratory.